What was the intention of the Treaty of Waitangi?
The Treaty promised to protect Māori culture and to enable Māori to continue to live in New Zealand as Māori. At the same time, the Treaty gave the Crown the right to govern New Zealand and to represent the interests of all New Zealanders.
Why did the British want New Zealand?
Britain was motivated by the desire to forestall the New Zealand Company and other European powers (France established a very small settlement at Akaroa in the South Island later in 1840), to facilitate settlement by British subjects and, possibly, to end the lawlessness of European (predominantly British and American) …
What were the British intentions found in the English version of the Treaty?
The English version states the British intentions were to protect Māori interests from the encroaching British settlement, provide for British settlement and establish a government to maintain peace and order.
What specific right did the British believe the Treaty of Waitangi gave them?
In the English version, Māori cede the sovereignty of New Zealand to Britain; Māori give the Crown an exclusive right to buy lands they wish to sell and, in return, are guaranteed full rights of ownership of their lands, forests, fisheries and other possessions; and Māori are given the rights and privileges of British …
Why did the British want a Treaty?
Reasons why chiefs signed the treaty included wanting controls on sales of Māori land to Europeans, and on European settlers. They also wanted to trade with Europeans, and believed the new relationship with Britain would stop fighting between tribes.
Why did Māori want a Treaty with the British?
The Māori who agreed to sign did so because they wanted the British to govern, which means to make laws about behaviour. Many people today believe that most Māori would not have signed the Treaty if the Māori version had used ‘rangatiratanga’ for ‘sovereignty’.
What did the British do to the Māori?
Loss of land
Loss of Māori land – through confiscation following the 1860s wars, Crown purchase and the Native Land Court – led to the displacement of large numbers of Māori. Deprived of their land, tribes were in many instances reduced to poverty, with no option but to live in overcrowded and unhygienic conditions.
Did the British protect the Māori?
The British government intended to guarantee Māori land rights and was strongly influenced by the fashionable theories of systematic colonisation. The protection of Māori interests was seen as vital.
Why did the missionaries want the Treaty of Waitangi?
Missionaries and the Treaty of Waitangi
To strengthen the missions and protect his Māori converts from undesirable European influences, Henry Williams led missionary opposition to the New Zealand Company and other large-scale colonisation ventures.
What is Māori sovereignty?
Although The Crown rules over Aotearoa, there is still a Maori King. The Maori King doesn’t have governmental powers, however, he is a figure of sovereignty for Maori people. The number of Maori’s who have high beliefs in the King has risen greatly.
What word should have been used to translate sovereignty?
Sovereignty would probably have been more properly translated as rangatiratanga which had been used in the Declaration of Independence or kingitanga and mana were also words that were used.
What did the English version of the Treaty say?
In the English version of the Treaty, Māori give the British Crown ‘absolutely and without reservation all the rights and powers of sovereignty’ over their lands, but are guaranteed ‘undisturbed possession’ of their lands, forests, fisheries, and other properties.
Which agreements were included in the Treaty between the British Government and the Māori in 1840?
Treaty to establish a British Governor of New Zealand, consider Māori ownership of their lands and other properties, and give Māori the rights of British subjects. Waitangi in the Bay of Islands, and various other locations in New Zealand.
How many British signed the Treaty of Waitangi?
On 6 February 1840, the Treaty of Waitangi/Te Tiriti o Waitangi was signed at Waitangi in the Bay of Islands by Captain William Hobson, several English residents, and between 43 and 46 Māori rangatira.
What are the 5 principles of the Treaty of Waitangi?
Principles of the Treaty of Waitangi
- Depiction of the signing of the Treaty on 6 February 1840.
- The Kawanatanga Principle – The Principle of Government. …
- The Rangatiratanga Principle – The Principle of Self Management. …
- The Principle of Equality. …
- The Principle of Cooperation. …
- The Principle of Redress.